Nike International Ltd v Campomar SL

JurisdictionSingapore
CourtCourt of Three Judges (Singapore)
JudgeChao Hick Tin JA
Judgment Date16 January 2006
Neutral Citation[2006] SGCA 2
Citation[2006] SGCA 2
Plaintiff CounselHarry Elias SC and Zee Yeng Yun (Harry Elias Partnership)
SubjectRevocation,Trade Marks and Trade Names,Appeal against High Court decision not to revoke registration of trade mark on ground of non-use for period of five years immediately preceding date of application,Whether overwhelmingly convincing evidence of single transaction use of mark within five-year period adduced by proprietor of mark,Section 22(1)(a) Trade Marks Act (Cap 332, 1999 Rev Ed)
Date16 January 2006
Defendant CounselPatrick Yap and Prithipal Singh (K L Tan and Associates)
Docket NumberCivil Appeal No 45 of 2005
Publication Date17 January 2006

16 January 2006

Chao Hick Tin JA (delivering the judgment of the court):

1 This was an appeal by the appellant against the decision of the High Court (reported at [2005] 4 SLR 76) reversing the decision of the Principal Assistant Registrar of Trade Marks (“PAR”) which revoked a trade mark registered by the respondent on the ground that for the relevant period of five years there had been non-use of the mark by the respondent. We heard and allowed the appeal on 22 November 2005, thus upholding the decision of the PAR to have the trade mark revoked. We now give our reasons.

The background

2 The appellant, Nike International Ltd (“Nike International”), a US company, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Nike Inc. Both these companies have, since 1972, been marketing and retailing shoes and apparel worldwide under the “NIKE” trade mark and brand name.

3 The respondent, Campomar Sociedad Limitada (“Campomar”), a Spanish company, applied to register the mark “NIKE” in class 3 of the International Classification of Goods in respect of “perfumery with essential oils”. The mark was duly registered on 30 December 1989 with the registration taking effect from 2 April 1986.

4 On 21 January 2002, Nike International filed an application to have the mark revoked under s 22(1) of the Trade Marks Act (Cap 332, 1999 Rev Ed) (“TMA”). In its statement of grounds, Nike International declared that it wished to have the registration of the mark made in favour of Campomar revoked because it wanted to register Singapore Trade Mark No T01/17954H NIKE in class 3 in respect of:

Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning; polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery; essential oils; cosmetics; hair lotions; dentifrices; colognes; toiletries; sunscreens; cosmetics; skincare products; deodorants and antiperspirants for personal use; shaving preparations.

5 By a counter-statement, Campomar disputed Nike International’s assertion that for the period of five years immediately preceding the application to revoke, the mark had not been made use of by Campomar. To substantiate this assertion, its principal manager, Mr Antonio Ruiz Corrales (“Corrales”), filed three statutory declarations. In his first statutory declaration, Corrales exhibited sales invoices issued during the years 1996 to 2001 to demonstrate use of the mark. In his second statutory declaration, Corrales explained that the abbreviations “NM”, “NW” and “NC”, which appeared in an invoice of 12 July 2001 (which he later clarified should read 27 July 2001) and which was exhibited in his first statutory declaration, stood for “NIKE MAN”, “NIKE WOMAN” and “NIKE” respectively. In his third statutory declaration, he exhibited a bill of lading showing that products bearing the NIKE mark had been shipped by De Ruy Perfumes SA to a Singapore company called Bhojwani’s Pte Ltd (“Bhojwani’s”), as well as a letter dated 11 December 2003 from one Silvia Martos of Geodis Teisa, a freight forwarder of De Ruy Perfumes SA.

6 On the other hand, Nike International filed four statutory declarations to substantiate its claim of non-use by Campomar. The first was a report by a private investigator, Mr Wilfred Anthony (“Anthony”), that his enquiries in November 2001 at ten major shopping centres in Singapore showed that no NIKE perfumes were sold at those centres. Anthony also made some discreet inquiries at Bhojwani’s and was told by a female employee who claimed to be in charge of the office (“Kalai”) that it did not sell any perfumes in Singapore but only in Indonesia. Kalai also informed Anthony that it did not deal in NIKE perfumes.

7 The second statutory declaration was made by the finance director of Nike Singapore (the exclusive licensee of Nike International in Singapore), Mr Hughes, where he referred to, inter alia, the reputation of the NIKE...

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8 cases
  • Weir Warman Ltd v Research & Development Pty Ltd
    • Singapore
    • High Court (Singapore)
    • 30 April 2007
    ...National Dairies Ltd v Xie Chun Trading Pte Ltd [1997] 2 SLR (R) 969; [1998] 1 SLR 620 (refd) Nike International Ltd v Campomar SL [2006] 1 SLR (R) 919; [2006] 1 SLR 919 (distd) Rainforest Coffee Products Pte Ltd v Rainforest Café, Inc [2000] 1 SLR (R) 725; [2000] 2 SLR 549 (refd) Reemtsma ......
  • Wing Joo Loong Ginseng Hong (Singapore) Company Pte Ltd v Qinghai Xinyuan Foreign Trade Company Ltd
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    • Court of Three Judges (Singapore)
    • 2 March 2009
    ...2 SLR (R) 969; [1998] 1 SLR 620 (refd) Nichols v State of Queensland [1983] 1 Qd R 580 (refd) Nike International Ltd v Campomar SL [2006] 1 SLR (R) 919; [2006] 1 SLR 919 (refd) Osprey, The [1999] 3 SLR (R) 1099; [2000] 1 SLR 281 (refd) Perry v Nash (1980) 47 FLR 210 (refd) Philips Electroni......
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    • High Court (Singapore)
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    ...... of Andrew Ang J in the recent Singapore High Court decision of Richemont International SA v Goldlion Enterprise (Singapore) Pte Ltd [2005] SGHC 208 at [25], it could be argued that ... UK Ltd v Typhoon Europe Ltd ([100] supra at 807); the Singapore High Court decision of Nike International Ltd v Campomar Sociedad Limitada [2005] 4 SLR 76 at [58]; and Kerly’s ([47] ......
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    ...and in this regard, we would like to refer to the following pertinent observation of this court in Nike International Ltd v Campomar SL [2006] 1 SLR 919 (“Nike International”) at The essential standard of proof required to defeat a revocation application is to show a genuine use of the mark......
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